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Chronology of Government in the Philippines

 

Period
Form of
Government
Characteristic/s
Years
Covered
Head of
Government
Pre-Spanish
Barangay
·
Independent
from other barangays
Ancient – 1565
Datu, Rajah, Sultan, Lakan
Spanish
Colonial government
·
centralized
in form and national in scope
1565-1898
Spanish Governor-General
First Phase of Revolution against the
Spaniards
Katipunan
·
national
with councils  down to the town level
July 07, 1892-March 23, 1897
Supremo
(Andres Bonifacio)
Naic Military government
·
Revolutionary
against Aguinaldo’s government
April 19-May 3, 1897
Andres Bonifacio
Biak-na-Bato Republic
·
Revolutionary
against the Spaniards
November 1, 1897- December 27, 1897
President
(Emilio Aguinaldo)
Period
Form of
Government
Characteristic/s
Years
Covered
Head of
Government
Dictatorial Government
·
All power
emanated from the dictator
May 24, 1898- June 22, 1898
Dictator
(Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary Government
·
Seeks for
independence of Filipinos from the Spaniards
June 23, 1898-January 22, 1899
President
First Philippine Republic
January 23, 1899 – March 23, 1901
President
American
Military government
·
Headed by
a military officer
August 13, 1898 – July 4, 1901
Military Governor-General
Civil Government
·
Training
ground for the Filipinos for self-governance
July 4, 1901- November 15, 1935
Civil Governor-General
Commonwealth
·
10-year Transitional
government
November 15, 1935-July 4, 1946
President
Period
Form of
Government
Characteristic/s
Years
Covered
Head of
Government
Japanese
Japanese-sponsored Philippine Republic
·
Government
run and controlled by the Japanese with Filipinos in position
October 14, 1943- August 17, 1945
President
After Independence
Republic
·
Independent
Philippine government
July 4, 1946 – present
President
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