What is research?
Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
Research comprises creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.
What are the different types of a research? Differentiate.
Applied research – is a methodology used to solve a specific, practical problem of an individual or group. The study and research are used in business, medicine, and education in order to find solutions that may cure diseases, solve scientific problems or develop a technology.
Problem oriented research – The design of specific programs to promote problem oriented research is an issue of current interest within the context of public policies for science and technology. Problem-solving may include mathematical or systematic operations and can be a gauge of an individual’s critical thinking skills.
Quantitative research – Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques.
Basic research – Basic research is systematic study directed toward greater knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and of observable facts without specific applications towards processes or products in mind.
Qualitative research – It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research.