16th century scientist, and one of the most famous. Invented the telescope, discovered planets and is the father of modern astronomy
Englishman whose book The Origin of Species opened up the field of evolution and it still remains a controversial book in some parts of the world today. Many of the observations he made in the 19th Century have held up and been expanded on since his death
Pierre and Marie Curie
husband and wife scientists made many discoveries during their lifetime. Pierre discovered the process to pasteurize milk and as a husband and wife team they won the Nobel Prize in 1903 for their body of work on radiation.
an Irish physician and chemist, he is known as the father of modern chemistry.
German-born scientist best known for his Theory of Relativity. His work helped pave the way for space exploration and the nuclear age.
a Greek mathematician, scholar, scientist, engineer, and astronomer. He is known as one of the great minds of the ancient ages. He is also known for being the first to come up with a remarkably accurate measurement for the value of Pi.
Perhaps one of the most famous scientists the world has ever known is German physicist Albert Einstein. He proposed a theory of general and special relativity; something that has had an enormous impact on the field of physics. It was a suggestion of how time, motion and mass work alongside each other and the relationships between them.
Charles Robert Darwin was an English scientist who took a particular interest in nature. He proposed the theory of evolution that suggests all human life has descended from previous animal ancestry, such as apes. This proposal shook the world in both good and bad ways. It spawned a new level of scientific explanation for human life that previously was only ever explained through religion. However, some religious people believe this to be blasphemous and therefore they frowned upon the theory.
Edwin Powell Hubble was an American scientist who had a particular interest in astronomy and space. His greatest contribution to the world of science was that he discovered that there are other galaxies that exist in as well as the Milky Way. In addition to this, Hubble also suggested the spectrum of light that exists between galaxies can distinguish the distance between a particular galaxy and our planet. Although he worked hard to establish astronomy as a branch of physics in order to allow astronomers to receive the Nobel Prize, he never succeeded during his lifetime. However – after he passed away in 1953, the Nobel Prize Committee reconsidered these rules and included astronomy in the physics sector for potential Nobel Award winning scientists arkably accurate measurement for the value of Pi.
Faraday, Michael (1791-1867)
Faraday is generally credited with the discovery of electromagnetic induction (1821), and described certain elements and chemical compounds such as chlorine and benzene.
Sir William Lawrence Bragg and his father Sir William Henry Bragg
invented the incredibly important method of x-ray crystal diffraction. I think that this is one of the very top discoveries of the 20th century in importance, as x-ray crystal diffraction was later used to find the structure of DNA, among many other things