is a periodical publication containing news regarding current events, informative articles, diverse features, editorials, and advertising. It usually is printed on relatively inexpensive, low-grade paper such as newsprint.

Newspapers typically meet four criteria:

  • Publicity: Its contents are reasonably accessible to the public.
  • Periodicity: It is published at regular intervals.
  • Currency: Its information is up to date.
  • Universality: It covers a range of topics.

Parts and Sections of Newspaper

Headline – The words printed in large type across the top of a newspaper article to catch the reader’s attention.
Dateline – The words at the beginning of a news article that tells when and where the article was written.
News Article – In a newspaper, a story about an event that has just taken place.
Feature Article – In a newspaper, a detailed report on a person, an issue, or an event.
Classifieds – Where you can find job hiring, vacancies, etc.
Obituaries – People will die and as long as they continue to do so, there will be journalists there to write nice things about them.
Comics – It is found in the entertainment page where some jokes and comics strips can be seen.
Editorial – An article in which the people who run a newspaper give their opinion on an important issue.

Types of Articles

  • News
  • Feature articles
  • Editorials

What Articles Need to Include

  • Who was involved in the story?
  • What happened?
  • When did it occur?
  • Why it happened?
  • How it happened?
  • Where it happened?

Elements of Newspaper

· Byline
tells who wrote the story; may include the writer’s title.
· Classified ad
an ad that appears in the classified or “want ad” section of the newspaper.
· Column
a vertical division of the layout that helps give structure to the pages. Newspaper stories and images are measured in column inches: the number of columns wide by the number of inches long.
· Cutline/caption
explains what is happening in a photograph or illustration. The use of “cut” dates back to a time when images in the newspaper were printed from carved wood and etched metal. A cutline or caption sometimes may include a photo credit, the name of the person who took the picture.
· Dateline
the location (and sometimes the date) from which a story was sent, usually given at the beginning of a story. The term was first used at a time when news often took days to reach a reader, so the date and location of the event were included in the story.
· Display ad
an ad for a business or organization that appears on a newspaper page.
· Editorial
a type of story on the editorial page that expresses an opinion of the newspaper and encourages the reader to take some action.
· Flag/logo
the name of the newspaper as it appears at the top of page one.
· Folio line – the date and page number that appears at the top of each newspaper page.
· Headline
large type written and designed to summarize a story and get the reader’s attention.
· Index
tells the reader where regularly featured pages, such as sports, weather and local news, can be found.
· Jumpline
the line that tells the reader on which page the story is continued.
· Lead
the beginning of the story, which summarizes it and/or grabs the reader’s attention.
· Masthead
the formal statement of the newspaper’s name, officers, management and place of publication.
It usually appears on the editorial page.
· Wire story
a story written by a reporter for a news service, such as The Associated Press or Reuters.

Tags : Journalism
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