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THE PHILIPPINES UNDER IMPERIAL SPAIN and the Magellan Expedition

THE PHILIPPINES UNDER IMPERIAL SPAIN
  • Spain and Portugal rivaled in discovering the rest of the world propelled by “God, gold, and glory” and technology.
  • Portugal started the maritime discoveries in Asia via the southeastern route making breakthroughs in the Indian Ocean.
  • Spain seconded sailing via the southwestern route that landed in the West Indies in 1492 and rediscovered the Philippines in 1521.
  • The main purpose of the voyages is to search for different spices.
The Lusitanian-Hispanic Rivalry in Maritime Discoveries
  • Portugal was the first country to use innovation in seamanship and boatbuilding with the establishment by Henry “the Navigator” of the first navigational school in the globe at Sagres Point
    in 1419.
  • Christopher Columbus (Cristoforo Colombo) made a landfall in Guanahani and the coast of Cuba in October 1492.
  • King John (Joao) of Portugal protested on the ground that it was an incursion by Spain of his sphere of influence.
  • Pope Alexander VI Issued in May 1493, the Inter caetera and the Eximiae Devotionis, giving Spain the right over any lands newly-discovered by Columbus.
  • The spheres of influence of the two superpowers of the fifteenth century thus, were finally fixed by an imaginary line drawn from the north and south poles a hundred leagues from Spain. The lands lying to
    the east of the line were reserved for Portugal, and those territories to the west to Spain.
  • In 1494, the Treaty of Tordesillas was signed which partitioned the non-Christian world into two spheres of influence.
The Magellan Expedition
Ferdinand Magellan (Fernao de Magalhaes), a Portuguese serving the Spanish royalty, saw action for his country in the East, first in India with Alfonso de Almeida in 1505.
  • Magellan had sailed from San Lucar, Spain, in 1519, on
    board five very antiquated ships with a crew of 235 men.
  • Magellan finally reached the Philippines on March 17,
    1521.
  • Victoria, completed the voyage back to Spain in 1522,
    arriving in Seville, led by Juan Sebastian del Cano.
 Achievements of the Magellan Expedition
  1. It was through this trip that the Europeans first
    learned of the existence of the Philippines.
  2. It also proved that the earth was round
  3. It established the vastness of the Pacific Ocean.
  4. It proved that the East Indies could be reached by
    crossing the Pacific.
  5. It showed that the Americans was really a land mass
    entirely separate from Asia.
Ferdinand Magellan – the first man to have circum-navigated the world in two separate voyages
Juan Sebastian del Cano – the first man to have circum-navigated the world in one complete voyage

Miguel Lopez de Legazpi – Adelantado de Filipinas; first Spanish Governor-general of the Philippines

 

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