In physics, a **force** is any influence that causes an object to undergo a certain change, either concerning its movement, direction, or geometrical construction. It is measured in the SI unit of newtons and represented by the symbol ** F**. In other words, a force can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e., to accelerate, or a flexible object to deform, or both. Force can also be described by intuitive concepts such as a push or a pull. A force has both magnitude and direction, making it a vector quantity. The original form of Newton’s second law states that the net force acting upon an object is equal to the rate at which its momentum changes with time.

If the mass of the object is constant, this law implies that the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on the object, is in the direction of the net force, and is inversely proportional to the mass of the object.

A force has both magnitude and direction, making it a vector quantity. The original form of Newton’s second law states that the net force acting upon an object is equal to the rate at which its momentum changes with time.[1] If the mass of the object is constant, this law implies that the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on the object, is in the direction of the net force, and is inversely proportional to the mass of the object.